The Imperial Republic A comparison of the Insular Territories Under US Dominion

The Imperial Republic A comparison of the Insular Territories Under US Dominion

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The Imperial Republic: A Comparison of the Insular Territories under U.S. Dominion after 1898 LANNY THOMPSON The author is a member of the department of sociology and anthm- poke at the University of Puerto RS, Rio Pia's. Introduction The Treaty of Paris (1898) , which ceded Puerto Rico, the Philip- pines, and Guam to the United States, provoked a flurry of rumina- dons and recommendations by the legal community regarding their future governments. At the time, Cuba was under temporary mili- tary rule. The U.S. Congress had just annexed Hawaii and would soon provide it with a territorial government. A temporary military government in a foreign country presented no constitutional prob- lem, no did the upcoming organization of a territorial government according to well-established continental precedents. But Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam were somehow different Legal scholars raised constitutional issues as early as 1898, and a debate This research was sponsored by the Department of Sociology and Anthropology and the College of Social Sciences of the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras. Research funds were provided by the Office of Graduate Studies and Research (DELI) through the Institutional Research Fund (FEPI) . An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Conference on Policy History, St. Louis University, May 1999. Thanks to Barthoidmew Sparrow who Invited me to partkipate in this conference. Special thanks to those who have inspired and supported thiswork: Marla del Carmen 'Merge, Juan Jose Bald:Leh, Os- car Qunpomanes, 'Vicente Diaz, Julian Go, Gary Okihiro, Emilio Pantojas, and Them Rivera. Pacific Historical Review,. Vol. 7L No. 4, pages 533-574. ISSN 01110-8044 02002 by the Pacific Coast Branch, American Historical Association. All rights reserved. Send requests for permission to reprint to: Rinks and Permissions, University of California Press, 2000 Center St., Ste. 303, Berkeley, CA 94704-1223. 535
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536 Pacific Historical Review soon ensued in the Harvard ,Law Review, the Yale LeneJourna4 and, to a lesser extent, the Columbia Law Review and American Law Register. In addition, several books were published on the problem of impe- rial rule, among them Horace Fisher's Princ4bles of Colonial Govern- . meta (1899) and Alpheus Snow's The Administration of Dependencies (1902). Secretary of War Elihu Root solicited a report on the legal status of the islands from Charles Magoon, law officer of the Division of Insular Affairs. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge requested that the chief bibliographer of the Library of Congress prepare an anno- tated bibliography on the history and political theory of coloniza- tion to accompany a House report on the same topic.' Special com- missions visited Puerto Rico and the Philippines in order to study local conditions and make recommendations regarding the estab- lishment of civil government" The republic faced a legislative quandary that would entail long debates on the floor of Congress. Moreover, the legislation that it produced would provoke a consti-
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course AFPRL 103 taught by Professor Melendez during the Spring '11 term at CUNY Hunter.

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The Imperial Republic A comparison of the Insular Territories Under US Dominion

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