5 Culture According to Hofstede

5 Culture According to Hofstede - CulturalConstraintsin...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cultural Constraints in  Management Theories Cross-Cultural Management Reading Set 5 Gosia A. Langa ACCORDING TO GREET HOFSTEDE
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Management and Culture Management is A group of people that does not own a business but sells its  skills to act on behalf of the owners Does not produce personally but is indispensable for making  others produce, through motivation In U.S. a manager is a cultural hero  Meaning of management differs from one country to another and  reflects local philosophies, problems, and understandings Management cannot be isolated from other societal processes
Background image of page 2
Culture Culture  is a set of assumptions and values that  are shared by a group of people and that share  that group’s interaction with each other Culture is a construct which means it is ‘not  directly accessible to observation but inferable  from verbal statements and other behaviors and  useful in predicting still other observable an  measurable verbal and non-verbal behavior.’ 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Culture and its Dimensions Hofstede proposed four (+1) bipolar dimensions: Power distance Individualism/collectivism Masculinity/femininity Uncertainty avoidance Long-term/short-term orientation First four of above dimensions explain 49% of  variance in data; other 51% is specific to  individual countries
Background image of page 4
Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Power distance :  degree of inequality among people  which the population of a country considers as normal Small power distance = relatively equal Large power distance = extremely unequal Individualism vs. collectivism Individualism:  degree to which people prefer to act as individual  rather than as members of groups Collectivism:  degree to which people value group membership  and allow group membership to guide their lives
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Cont’d Masculinity vs. femininity Masculinity: tough values like assertiveness,  performance, success, and competition are highly  valued Femininity:  tender values like quality of life,  maintaining warm personal relationships, service, care  for the weak and solidarity are highly valued
Background image of page 6
Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Cont’d Uncertainty avoidance
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course MNGT 461 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at George Mason.

Page1 / 20

5 Culture According to Hofstede - CulturalConstraintsin...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online