Review points for SM111 midterm exam (W11)
You should be able to …
Explain what sociologists mean when they say that sports are
Because they relate to every aspect of our social life such as family,
economy, media, politics, education, and media.
Explain what it means to say that sports are
Parts of the social world that are created by people as they interact with
one another under particular social, political, and economic conditions.
Define "ideologies" and explain the connection between sports,
ideologies, and hegemony related to gender, race, and social class.
Ideologies- webs of ideas and beliefs that people use to give meaning to
the world and make sense of their experiences
Hegemony- process of maintaining leadership and control by gaining
the consent and approval of other groups- never permanent
Gender ideology- ideas about masculinity, femininity, and male-
female relationships in the organization of social worlds
Men are naturally superior to women in activities that
involve strength, physical skills and emotional control.
Throw like a man/girl, lesbians,
Racial ideology- ideas that people use to give meaning to skin
color and evaluate people and forms of social organizations in
terms of racial classification
Light skinned people lack natural abilities unlike dark-
skinned people who excel in jumping and running
Class ideology- ideas that people use to understand economic
inequalities and make sense of their own positions and the
positions of others in an economic hierarchy in society
American society is based on Meritocracy- where
deserving people become successful and where success
is achieved by those who deserve it
Those who work hard achieve wealth and power.
This creates class inequality
Sports is connected with class economic
Identify the major spheres of social life and how sports are connected
The family may revolve around sports with games, practices,
coaches, chauffeurs. It can bring a family together or tear them
Involves spending money on tickets, sports equipment,
participation fees, athletic club membership dues, and bets.
Effects local and regional economies.
Corporate logos are linked with teams and athletes, displayed in
school gyms, arenas, and stadiums.
Athletes make impressive sums of money
Cable stations pay billions of dollars for airing rights
Show ideological themes
The media has converted sports into a major form of
Sports can show national pride and identity
Example: Beijing in the 2008 Olympics spending $40 billion