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HU201 FINAL review

HU201 FINAL review - H umanities Final Review Kelo vs City...

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Humanities Final Review Kelo vs. City of New London --> eminent domain case the court decided that the general benefits a community enjoyed from economic growth qualified as permissible under the 5 th amendment. They moved Kelo’s house to a new location and paid substantial compensation Gregg v. Georgia --> the US supreme court ordered the death sentence to Gregg. Must comply with 8 th amendment on “cruel and unusual punishment” Wisconsin vs. Yoder Amish children can’t be forced to go to school past the 8 th grade b/c it violates parents’ fundamental right to freedom of religion 1. Socrates/Plato : “virtue=knowledge” – “to know good is to do good” 2. Virtue ethics approach : (Soc/Plato, Aristotle, Epictetus) and its focus on the goal of personal excellence as attained through the development of one’s moral character (right choices, good habits, knowledge/wisdom, etc.) 3. Aristotle : the idea of happiness as the final goal of human life; the idea of the Golden Mean; and the idea of moral weakness. 4. Epictetus : Virtue as a focus on inner qualities and as a detachment from external (uncontrollable) things; the idea of Divine Providence 5. Thomas Hobbes : the state of nature, the social contract, and the absolute sovereign=the law tells us what’s right and wrong 6. Difference between Hobbes and Locke : Limited resources: Hobbes: there’s never going to be enough for everyone while Locke believes there’s plenty for everyone o Locke basic rights: for life, liberty and property (we act reasonably/ we act intelligently-people get along well in a state of nature, even without government, we would still have respect for one another) o Hobbes basic right: to everything- whatever we can as long as we’re strong enough to take it (we do not get along in our natural state) 1. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) a. Director: John Ford b. Screenplay: Willis Goldbeck and James Warner Bellah
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c. Story by: Dorothy M. Johnson d. Main Characters: Tom Doniphon= John Wayne (actor) e. Ransom Stoddard= James Stewart (actor) f. Liberty Valance= Lee Marvin g. Hallie= Vera Miles 2. The Old West town of Shinbone depicted in the movie lies somewhere between a “state of nature” and the establishment of a structured law- governed “commonwealth.” Does the movie depict a more Hobbesian or a more Lockean conception of the transition between a “state of nature” and a “state of civilization”? Explain. 3. 4. What is the origin of a civilized political community, according to Hobbes? Does the film express the same type of idea about the origin of such a community, or is there a different lesson here about how political communities are formed? How does the idea of a “social contract” or “covenant” play a role in Hobbes’s theory, in Locke’s theory, and in the film?
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