APW_Part_1_Talking_Points

APW_Part_1_Talking_Points - Transparency Monday Main...

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Transparency Monday, August 27, 2007 Main Points 1 : I. The Paleolithic Era (The Old Stone Age) If one thinks of the whole history of the earth to date as a 24-hour day, the human species began at about 5 minutes before midnight human beings have lived less than 5% of the time mammals of any sort have lived Most of the 2 million plus years during which our species has existed are described by the term Paleolithic Age (The Old Stone Age). The Paleolithic Era ended only about 14K years ago. Scientists theorize that different hominid groups lived at that time, including Homo erectus, which may have killed off or otherwise displaced many competitors: today, there is only one fairly similar human breed, Homo sapiens sapiens , rather than a variety of human species as there are among other primates Scientists theorize that ancestors of the human species as well as Homo sapiens sapiens originated in East Africa and migrated out of Africa starting about 750K years. Homo sapiens sapiens appeared about 120K years ago, during the late Paleolithic period. 1 Stearns, Peter N., et al.  World Civilizations: The Global Experience. 4 rth  edition, AP Version. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006. 1
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Transparency All human beings alive today are descendents of these original HSS. Throughout the Paleolithic era, and indeed, most of human existence, human beings have been hunters and gatherers. People required at least one sq. mi./person Women breast-fed infants for several yrs (limit fertility) Hunting took about seven hours every three days on average, though women (gatherers) worked harder women probably also enjoyed greater equality based on common economic contributions Speech developed with homo erectus 100K years ago, allowing more group cooperation and greater transmission of technical knowledge People began to develop rituals to deal with their fear and wonder regarding death and the world around them Goddesses, and particularly fertility goddesses, played a prominent role in religious pantheons The greatest achievement of Paleolithic people was the sheer spread of the human species over much of the earth’s surface: The first people moved out of Africa about 750K years ago. Human remains, dubbed “Peking Man” have been found in China, dated to 600K years ago Human remains, dubbed “Java Man” have been found in SE Asia, dated to 350K yrs ago Humans inhabited the British Isles by 250K yrs ago Humans inhabited Australia by 60K yrs ago and another major migration followed 20K yrs later 2
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Transparency Most scholars believe that humans crossed what was then a land bridge from Siberia to Alaska about 30K yrs ago, w/ several subsequent migration waves until warmer climates and rising ocean levels eliminated the land bridge by 8000 BCE Migrants who crossed the land bridge had reached the tip of S. America within 1000 yrs
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course SS 1 taught by Professor 1 during the Spring '11 term at Anne Arundel CC.

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APW_Part_1_Talking_Points - Transparency Monday Main...

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