APW_Part_2_Talking_Points_-_Classical_China

APW_Part_2_Talking_Points_-_Classical_China - APW (A)...

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APW (A) Classical China Part II Notes/Talking Points 1 : Classical China 2 Three dynasties cover the main centuries of classical China: the Zhou, the Qin, and the Han. 1200 bce 500 BCE 250 BCE 1029-258 Zhou Dynasty, introduction of standard spoken language 551-475 Confucius c. 500 c. 500 editing of the Five Classics c. 450 dvpmt of calendar 402-201 Era of the Warring States 221-202 Qin Dynasty; the First Emperor, the Great Wall begun, simple basic language 202 BCE – 220 CE Han Dynasty c. 200 introduction of ox- drawn plow, horse collar, water mill 141 -87 reign of Han Wu Ti, increased bureaucracy, examinations, spread of Confucianism Chinese imperial history includes the following dynasties (see the timeline for dates): Xia (pronounced “sha”) – very little known; not always considered a real “dynasty” Shang (rhymes w/ “song”) Zhou (“Joe”) Mandate of Heaven Qin (“chin”) Han (“hahn”) Sui (“sway”) Tang (rhymes w/ “song”) Song (pronounce the vowel similarly to the sound in “book”) Yuan (Mongols) Ming Qing/(Manchu) (“ching”) – collapses 1911, ending Chinese dynastic/imperial history 1 Stearns, Peter N., et al.  World Civilizations: The Global Experience. 4 rth  edition, AP Version. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006. 2 Hammond, Kenneth J. From Yao to Mao: 5000 Years of Chinese History . Chantilly: The Teaching Company, 2004. 1
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APW (A) Classical China China deeply impacted by geography: isolation 1. limited intrxn w/ otr cultures 2. spared frequent invasion 3. encouraged an intense & distinctive Chinese identity 4. dynastic decline didn’t always result in as much the Tao (also spelled Dao, always pronounced “dow”) 1. Chinese seek harmony w/in the Tao emphasis on balance (yin/yang) Of all the societies in the world today, it is China that has maintained the clearest links to its classical past Early China o Separated by the Ordos Bulge Loess soil (yellowish silt, very o 2500-200 BCE Yangshao culture Millet, wheat, barley Earthen walls for defense 2
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APW (A) Classical China o 2000-1500 Longshan culture Advanced pottery, cemeteries o Shang Dynasty 1500- 1100 BCE Loose feudalism First nomadic kingdom Advanced military Divination (oracle bones) Domestication of silkworm Ancestral worship, shamanism Male-dominated Female-fertility o Warrior king, vassal retainers, peasants & skilled artisans o Scholar bureaucrats I. The Zhou 1029-258 BCE, the longest lasting Chinese dynasty flourished only until ca. 700 BCE decline in political infrastructure & frequent invasions from nomadic peoples ***MANDATE OF HEAVEN ---- DYNASTIC CYCLE*** 3
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APW (A) Classical China Heaven, the guiding power of the universe,
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course SS 1 taught by Professor 1 during the Spring '11 term at Anne Arundel CC.

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APW_Part_2_Talking_Points_-_Classical_China - APW (A)...

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