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Class_Comments_-_China__India - Class Comments Essay...

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Class Comments Essay Specifics (China/India): Your paper should have addressed the following (and you may have lost points for not supporting your thesis with the relevant information): the 5Rs (Five Relationships of Confucius) , and compare this with the Hindu caste system; you may also discuss the hierarchy of scholar gentry/artisans/mean people. o Within this context, you should address the concept/role of filial piety the MoH (Mandate of Heaven) and the influence of Confucianism and the 5Rs on the Mandate of Heaven the role that Hinduism, the caste system, belief in reincarnation and especially – the desire to fulfill one’s dharma, all played in maintaining social order (and making rebellion unlikely) in India Confucianism: how did it reinforce and legitimize the role of the bureaucracy (the shi/scholar gentry)? And in turn, how was the predominance of Confucianism reinforced and legitimized by the role of the shi? Hinduism: how did it reinforce the role of the priests, even for non-Hindus, in the absence of a strong, centralized political power Han China and Mauryan India had strong, centralized, administrative governments. But usually when we compare and contrast China and India – including Han China and Gupta India – we see China as primarily centralized, bureaucratic, and unified, while we see India as primarily decentralized, with loose/regional political controls and an emphasis on diversity. Since the question refers to both Mauryan and Gupta India, you need to discuss both . Answer the whole question. Although China emphasized a secular, political philosophy (Confucianism) as its dominant belief system, and India emphasized a religion (Hinduism) as its dominant belief system, the social, cultural, and political structures of both societies were deeply influenced by that dominant belief system . In particular, the political structure of both societies was entirely predicated on, and justified by, that dominant belief system. Very importantly both societies emphasized a very rigid social hierarchy, which was rooted in that dominant belief system /ideology . Both societies flourished with, and tolerated, a HUGE variety of coexistent philosophies AND religions. These belief systems were generally seen as complimenting one another rather than competing with one another. o The Han Synthesis focused on three of many such belief systems (Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism, with an emphasis on Confucianism, and Legalism was “softened). But the most important thing for you to emphasize is the absolutely central role of Confucianism.
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