Greece_Notes

Greece_Notes - Greece Notes The Rise of the Greeks(1000 BCE...

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Greece Notes The Rise of the Greeks (1000 BCE – 500 BCE) Greece was a relatively resource-poor region, but had access to: o Foreign sources of raw materials o Markets abroad Greeks were in contact with other peoples: o ideas Geography : Part of a large ecological zone that encompasses the Mediterranean Sea & the lands surrounding it Bounded by the Atlantic O. to the W., the Alps to the N., the Syrian Desert to the E., and the Sahara to the S. Hot dry summers; windy, cooler Notes: Ancient Greece 1 (GADEL)
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winters Limited arable land, thin topsoil, sparse rainfall in the south couldn’t sustain lg. pop. Mountains, rivers, seas kept units of settlement small; in the N., where farmland was more expansive (ex. Macedonia), geographically larger states developed Greek civilization: lands bordering the Aegean Sea (“Ionia”) rivers & broad, fertile plains, and the western coast of Anatolia (modern- day Turkey) rugged plateaus Greeks of the w. coast of Anatolia were in much closer contact w/ Greeks in “Ionia” than they were w/ the native peoples of the interior of Anatolia the sea was a cnxn Notes: Ancient Greece 2 (GADEL)
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Greek farmers depended on rainfall to water their crops (no large rivers) Barley (in the flat plain), olive trees (at the edge of the plain), grapevines (terraced lower slopes of the foothills) Sheep, goats in the S.//cattle/horses in the N. Few metal deposits, little timber need to import sea COLONIZATION: When a region could no longer support an expanding population, it hived off colonies to new locations o Most of the Greek city-states in Anatolia seem to have originated as colonial settlements of older cities on the Greek mainland o Greek city-states spread as far west as present-day Marseilles (France) and Catalonia (Spain) o Not every colonist left willingly: some were chosen by lot and forbidden to Notes: Ancient Greece 3 (GADEL)
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return on pain of death o Others saw an opportunity to escape from poverty, avoid family constraints, find adventure, or seek their fortunes on the frontier o Colonists carried with them fire from the communal hearth of the mother city o Indigenous populations were sometimes: driven away reduced to a servile or semiservile status sometimes there was intermarriage o Although separate & usually independent politically, the city states were united culturally : Use of the Greek language A common myth-history (Homer) Olympic games (starting 776 BCE) Polis design (see below) o A wave of colonization spread from the mid-sixth centuries BCE spread Greek culture far beyond the land of its origins New settlements sprang up in the Notes: Ancient Greece 4 (GADEL)
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northern Aegean Sea, around the Black Sea, and on the Libyan coast of N. Af. Another Greek core area was
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course SS 1 taught by Professor 1 during the Spring '11 term at Anne Arundel CC.

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Greece_Notes - Greece Notes The Rise of the Greeks(1000 BCE...

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