Persia_Notes - Persia Notes(ca 1000 500 BCE In the 6th...

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Persia Notes (ca. 1000 – 500 BCE): In the 6 th century BCE, the Persians had created the largest empire the world had yet seen Relatively little written material from w/in the Persian Empire has survived: we are forced to view it mostly through the eyes of the ancient, and generally hostile, Greeks we are unaware of some of the central dvpmts affecting the empire which did not involve Greece Persian groups & individuals typically are known to the W. world by their Greek names Geography: Iran (“Land of the Aryans”) is bounded by the Zagros Mts. to the W., the Caucausus Mts. & Caspian Sea to the NW & N, the mts. of Afghanistan & the desert of Baluchistan to the E. & SE, and the Persian Gulf to the SW The fundamental topographical features of Iran are high mts. at the edges, salt deserts in the interior depressions, mt. streams crossing a sloping plateau & draining into seas or interior salt lakes & marshes harsh envmt w/ limited H2O sources low pop. Not much of a farming surplus, but minerals and wood for crafting and trading Medes & Persians (Indo-Euros) appearing in the region E. of Mesopotamia ca.
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