Rome_Notes - AP World History Notes Pre-Rome Indo-Europeans...

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AP World History Notes Pre-Rome Indo-Europeans conquer Aegean (Greece and Italian Peninsula) between 2000-1000 B.C.E., overtook Neolithic tribes Settled in Po River Valley (N. Italy) In 9 th century B.C.E., the Etruscans, a non-Indo-European tribe arrived in Italy Created loose confederation of city-states Oppressive rule, warrior mentality Rome was founded in 753 B.C.E. (Romulus and Remus) Small Latin settlements bonded in Tiber valley, created the Forum In 625 B.C.E., Rome conquered by Etruscans, absorbed as another city-state Until 509 B.C.E., Rome forcibly ruled by Etruscan kings Early Republic of Rome In 509 B.C.E., last Etruscan king overthrown – Republic is born Senate Two legislative bodies Aristocrats + Plebians (2) consuls elected – executive military power (2) tribunes elected – executive legislative power Early law codes Law of the Twelve Tables Roman Conquest Begins Summarize the rapid expansion of Rome and its power. Central Italian Peninsula – 400 B.C.E. Brief interlude Celts (Gauls) invaded Rome from central Asia and defeated the Roman Army in 390 B.C.E. – the last barbarian tribe to do so for nearly 800 years. Southern Italian Peninsula – 360-270 B.C.E. Greek colonies in south 1
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Military Legions Legionnaires Warrior culture Development of phalanx, use of javelins Extending Roman citizenship Reduce need for rebellion The Punic Wars Carthage, Tunisia (of Phoenician descent) only remaining power in western Mediterranean (N. Africa, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and parts of Spain)
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Rome_Notes - AP World History Notes Pre-Rome Indo-Europeans...

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