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Social PSychology Exam 1 Study Guide

Social PSychology Exam 1 Study Guide - Introduction What is...

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Introduction What is the bio-psycho-social model? o The interplay of biological, psychological and social influences p. 8-9 o Bio psycho social model, an all encompassing model Bio Psycho Social Neurotransmitters Big to social psych; cognition emotions attitudes huge area; my relationship to 1 person small groups/ bigger groups o What happens when we go from social to psycho? Eyewitness accounts- is fallible Process construal- we construe the world around us o Social behavior is biologically rooted Many of our social behaviors reflect a deep biological wisdom Evolutionary psychologists remind us our inherited human nature predisposes us to behave in ways that helped our ancestors survive and reproduce Evolutionary psychologists ask how natural selection might predispose our actions and reactions when dating and mating, hating and hurting, caring and sharing. Because of nature we are sensitive and responsive to our social context Social neuroscience- an integration of biological and social perspectives that explores the neural and psychological bases of social and emotional behaviors. To understand social behavior, we must consider both under the skin (biological) and between skins (social) influences Mind and body are one grand system/ We are bio-psycho-social organisms What are the strengths and weaknesses of correlational and experimental research? o Correlational research - the study of naturally occurring relationships among variables (p.18-23, 28) Asking whether two or more factors are naturally associated Field research- research done in natural, real –life settings outside the laboratory ADVANTAGES: often involving important variables in natural settings DISADVANTAGES: ambiguous interpretation of cause and effect
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Correlations indicate a relationship, but that relationship is not necessarily one of cause and effect Correlational research allows us to predict but it cannot tell us whether changing one variable will cause changes in another. Correlations quantify, with a coefficient known as r, the degree of relationship between two factors – from -1.0 (as on factor score goes up, the other goes down) through0 to + 1.0 (the two factors’ scores rise and fall together). The great strength of correlational research is that it tends to occur in real-world settings where we can examine factors such as race, gender, and social status (factors that we cannot manipulate in the laboratory) Its great disadvantage lies in the ambiguity of the results Knowing that two variables change together (correlate) enables us to predict one when we know the other, but correlation does not specify cause and effect. Time-lagged correlations reveal the sequence of events Third variable Random sample- one in which every person in the population being studied has an equal change of inclusion To evaluate surveys we must also bear in mind four potentially biasing influences: unrepresentative samples, question order, response options, and question wording.
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