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Alexander - The reign of Alexander I(1801-25 Alexander was...

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The reign of Alexander I (1801-25) Alexander was very different from his father Paul because he was raised by his grandmother Catherine. Hence he had more liberal tendencies. Alexander restored the Charter to the Nobility and freed 12,000 nobles who had been imprisoned for no reason under Paul. He also restored relations with France. His rule can be divided into three phases predominantly due to Russia’s relations with France: (1) 1801-1807- Period of the ‘Unofficial Committee’- Alliance against Napolean’s France. He composes a committee of four main advisors, even consisting of one Polish man. Two issues Alexander faced were decreasing serfdom and increasing the power of nobility. He begins experimenting with autocracy by establishing ministries (1802), which replaced the colleges. He makes a small step to dilute serfdom with the law of free cultivators (1803) that allowed landowners to free serfs and provide them with land, however this was not binding. Perhaps the most lasting of his reforms were in education (1803). He established the University of Kazan in 1804 and Kharkov in 1805. In 1805,
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