During the reign of Nicholas I

During the reign of Nicholas I - During the reign of...

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During the reign of Nicholas I, the Russian intelligentsia was born as an inspirational reaction to the Decembrists rebellion. (unofficial; criteria was education, attitude and passion for helping society e.g. Belinksi wrote an angry letter to Gogol about writing to amuse people and not to influence politics). Ivan S. Turgenev, gave the idea of the intelligentsia in his book, “Fathers and Sons” in 1862. Most of these people were part of the nobility since they had access to education. They formed a tiny proportion of the population. Alexander Herzen and Nikolai Ogarev can be considered the founders of the intelligentsia- vowing to devote their lives to avenge the deaths of the Decembrists while they were on Sparrow Hills (Moscow) in 1828. The intelligentsia were more thinkers than activists; they actually thought that discussion of ideas (which was illegal) was a form of activism. These discussions took place in informal circles called kruzhki. Stankevich circle- German idealism (Hegel whose ideas was that history was run by
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2011 for the course HIEU 2152 taught by Professor Robertgeraci during the Spring '10 term at UVA.

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During the reign of Nicholas I - During the reign of...

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