Alexander III

Alexander III - Alexander III (1881-94)- The Era of...

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Alexander III (1881-94)- The Era of Counter-Reforms - He expresses spite to the revolution and does not make concessions. Alexander III establishes tighter regulations such as bringing Tolstoy back into the government as ministry of the interior (control of governors and police). Other liberals such as Milyutin are forced out. - Alexander III’s tutor, Konstantin P. Pobedonostsev (procurator of the Holy Synod) believed that a static society is appropriate. He wanted to freeze Russia before it rots under the influence of capitalism, democracy, and liberalism. He wanted to preserve traditional Russia in line with the Church. He wanted to turn the clock back by use of the temporary regulations (1881-1917), which reversed the judicial system and gave the government great power over the zemstvo and provinces. - In 1884, the University statute cancels the self-governing autonomy given to them in 1863. In 1884, the law on parish schools allows the Church to get more involved in primary education. - In 1889, the govt abolishes the elected justices of the peace and replaced by appointed land captains of the gentry, who would be given power over peasants (almost to reestablish serf authority). - In 1890 the zemstvo law revision made it harder for anyone including peasants to get on the zemstvo. A similar law was established in the towns in 1892. - The populism movement of large deeds effectively ended. However the “era of small deeds” (third element) began to spring up. The last attempt to kill the tsar took place in 1887 by Aleksandr Ulianov (who was hanged). His brother Vladimir Ulianov (Lenin) vowed to avenge his death and eventually became a leader under the Marxist movement. Minorities under Alexander II and III - In 1863, the Polish revolt caused a general change in attitude towards minorities during the reign of Alexander II. Before this, Alexander II had already showed some liberalism towards minorities after the Crimean war when he abolished the canton system against the Jews. However for political reasons, there was a crackdown on minorities:
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2011 for the course HIEU 2152 taught by Professor Robertgeraci during the Spring '10 term at UVA.

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Alexander III - Alexander III (1881-94)- The Era of...

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