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Unformatted text preview: EARLY ITALY-I taly = peninsula, cut off from Europe by the Alps-Etruria = early center of urban life (west coast)-large scale travel was possible over Alps, traded with the rest of the Mediterranean-I taly is in a good strategic location (Sicily and the straits of Messina helped in dominating trade) ITALY BEFORE THE CITY -agriculture appeared in 4000 BCE-settlements usually were less than 100 people-potters wheel and kiln did not appear until cities did-egalitarian social/political organization-used copper and bronze to make tools (shows some specialization) IRON AGE IN ETRURIA, LATIUM, AND CAMPANIA-Iron Age culture in Etruria is referred to as Villanovan-population growth, larger settlements, in 900 BCE start developing major centers with secondary sites-major settlements had clusters of huts (like neighborhoods)characterized as proto-urban sites, usually on easily defended plateaus-Latial culture (in Latium) was similar to Villanovan-generally smaller settlements on hills, began to grow larger in 800 BCE-Phoenicians had some settlements in Sicily and the mainland THE RISE OF CITIES...
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- Spring '11