Phil140 9.11

Phil140 9.11 - Shaw- Ethical Relativism- Cultural...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ethics - Skeptical - Realism o Objectivism Utilitarianism Kantianism Contractualism o Relativism Individual Relativism (Hume’s view) Cultural Relativism Problems with Individual Realism 1. No possibility of moral debate 2. Acts could be right and then wrong later on, just cause you change your mind 3. Collapses the distinction between thinking x is right and x actually being right Advantages of Cultural Relative 1. Tolerance of other cultures 2. More stable than individual relativism 3. No absolute moral authority 4. Avoids ethnocentrism Problems with Cultural Relativism 1. 51%? 75%? 2. Does it boil down to individualism relativism 3. Torturing babies, even that? 4. How to define culture? Principle of Moral Relativity - Objectively true o Contradiction - True relative to a point of view o Well I have a different point of view Principle of Utility: - Actions are right in proportion to the amount of happiness they produce - Hedonism: happiness is pleasure and absence of pain. -
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Phil140 9.11 - Shaw- Ethical Relativism- Cultural...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online