Compare and contrast the major native American Indian civilizations/cultures.
Consider the Aztecs, Incas, Pueblo, the Iroquois league of tribes, Cahokia, and others.
Make the case that in many ways, they were advanced to Europeans.
- The Aztecs were a massive, complex society located in central Mexico.
total of their population was
around 10-20 million people, and they controlled most of
The Aztecs built a great capital in Tenochtitlan.
It was a city islands
connected to the mainland by three broad causeways and supplied with drinkable water
by impressive aqueducts.
Their supreme ruler’s power was just as extensive as any
European or African monarch.
The first Spaniards that entered the city of Tenochtitlan
were in awe of the sophistication of the Aztec civilization.
-The Incas were a similar civilization to the Aztecs only located alone the west coast of
The Incan Empire was very advanced, populous, vast, with a highly
organized social system.
The Incan Empire was so large that only the only empires to
control more land than them were the Ottoman and Chinese Empires.
-The Pueblos were a smaller, less advanced civilization located in the southwestern part
of North America.
Still, this civilization was impressive.
The Pueblo people used
irrigation, canals, dams, and hillside terracing to water their dry maize fields.
society impressed the Spanish explorers.
They noted that The Pueblos lived in houses
very similar to that of their own.
-The League of the Iroquois contained 5 tribes; the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga,
This civilization was located in eastern North America.
They were known
to be a civilization that was loosely organized and strife-ridden.
They eventually learned
to strengthen themselves by joining all 5 of the tribes together in a more cohesive
The developed political mechanisms to solve internal problems
and obtained a more unified front.
These political techniques aided the Iroquois in
dealing with the arrival of the Europeans.
The Iroquois were viewed strange by
Europeans as political power in their society was derived from the senior women
(matrons) of ohwachiras (group of related families).
-The civilization of the Cahokia was highly elaborate and located along the Mississippi
The center of the city of Cahokia contained the largest earth contrasted
built by any ancient humans.
The central plaza was oriented exactly like that of the
Aztecs and Mayas on a north-south axis in order to keep track of the movement of the
Cahokia manufacturers mass-produced salt, knifes, and stone hoe blades
for both local consumption and export.
Cahokia artisans created sophisticated pottery,
jewelry, metalwork and tools.
Cahokia was a crucial crossroads of trade and water travel
in the heartland of North America.