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FMSC330 midtermStudy Guide

FMSC330 midtermStudy Guide - Midterm for FMSC330 Chapter 1...

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Midterm for FMSC330 Chapter 1 1. Major Theories PG 29 -Classical perspectives - Functionalist perspective tried to determine functions, or uses, of the main ways in which a society is organized - documented roles, relations, and practices of particular societies, and then explained how these systems were able to maintain their societies’ existences - The conflict perspective focuses on inequality, power, and social change - study how individuals or groups of individuals come to dominate others and the circumstances under which those who are dominated are able to reduce or eliminate the disadvantages they have to face - The exchange perspective People are viewed as rational beings who decide whether to exchange goods or services by considering the benefits they will receive, the costs they will incur, and the benefits they might receive if they chose an alternative course of action - The symbolic interactionists perspective human beings do not merely react instinctively to what others of their species do but rather interpret what others do - We interpret symbols—gestures, words, appearances—whose meanings we have come to understand - Contemporary perspectives - The feminist perspective a perspective developed to better understand, and to transform, inequalities between women and men - Central concept is gender, which is usually defined as the social and cultural characteristics that distinguish women and men in a society - All gender differences we see in the roles of women and men are of cultural origin and have been socially constructed - feminist theorists assert that these cultural differences are constructed in ways that maintain the power of men over women - The modernity perspective Late modern era—individuals move through a series of roles in a way that seemed more-or-less natural (student, spouse, parent, housewife) - Individuals must make choices about nearly all aspects of their lives - Develop their identities through reflexivity the process through which individuals take in knowledge, reflect on it, and alter their behavior as a result - Evolutionary Psychology claim that some of the differences are the result of the same evolutionary pressures that Charles Dawin recognized in plants and animals - tend to behave in ways that maximize their chances that they will be able to reproduce themselves 2. Functions and types of families - Breadwinner-homemaker family: a married couple with children in which the father worked for pay and the mother did not -Public family one adult or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependents and the dependents
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themselves - dependents: children, elderly, ill - main functions: raising next generation, caring for elderly, caring for ill - Private family two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely or in the case of a parent and child, until the child reaches adulthood
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