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POMPEII TEMPLE OF APOLLO: Chronology: - In 2nd century BC it was rebuilt and another reconstruction to repair the damage from the 62 earthquake Location : - Faces the north side of the town’s basilica Functions : - Town’s most important religious building and has very ancient origins Historical/cultural significance: - Dedicated to the Roman god Apollo Architectural/artistic style: - The temple itself, a peripteros with Corinthian columns, was on a high podium and entered up an im posing set of steps, in a fusion of Greek and Italic architectural ideas TEMPLE OF VENUS: Chronology : - Mid 1 st century BC - Destroyed in the earthquake of 62 AD Location : - Western edge of Pompeii Functions : - Principle sanctuary of Pompeii Historical/cultural significance : - Primitive temple - Largest Roman temple in Pompeii. Architectural/artistic style: - Most beautifully decorated temple in the city. - Tufa-built TRIANGULAR FORUM: - The entrance is formed by a portico with three Ionic columns and a semicolumn - The Hellenistic style arrangement of the area, which has a colonnade with 95 columns, dates back to the 2nd century B.C. This intervention created a harmonious protective curtain around the pre-existing Doric Temple and at the same time annexed this sacred area to the theatre district and the two gymnasiums as the 4 sided portico behind the stage of the Theatre was connected to the Triangular Forum by means of a stairway. - Three openings along eastern portico connected it to the far hemicycle of the Large Theatre and the Samnite Gymnasium. - The Doric Temple was built using limestone from the Sarno valley during the mid 6th
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century B.C. and was dedicated to Hercules, although it was later also adopted for the cult of Minerva. However, although it was abandoned some time before the destruction of Pompeii. - The monument had seven Doric columns along its shorter sides and eleven along the longer ones. - At the foot of the steps leading up to the temple there is a tomb-like structure which was probably a monument erected to the cult of the founder of the town. In front of the remains of the temple there are three pre-Roman tuff-stone altars and a
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2011 for the course AH 190 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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