chapter 7 flashcard definitions

chapter 7 flashcard definitions - Lithification the...

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Lithification – the transformation of loose sediment into solid rock through compaction and cementation Mudstone – very fine grained sedimentary rock that will not easily split into sheets Organic sedimentary rock – sedimentary rock (such as coal) that is formed from carbon rich relicts of organisms Pedalfic soil – a temperate climate soil that is characterized by well-defined soil horizons and an organic A-horizon Pedocal soil – thin soil, formed in arid climates, it contains very little organic matter, but significantly precipitated calcite Physical weathering – process by which rocks break into small grains or chunks Regolith - any kind of unconsolidated debris that covers bedrock Regression – the seaward migration of a shoreline caused by a lowering of sea level Salt wedging – the process in arid climates by which dissolved salt in groundwater crystallizes and grows in open pore spaces in rocks and pushes apart the surrounding grains Sandstone – coarse-grained sedimentary rock consisting of almost entirely quartz
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chapter 7 flashcard definitions - Lithification the...

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