Social Psychology Exam 2 Notes

Social Psychology Exam 2 Notes - Cults - new religious...

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Cults - new religious movements led by a charismatic character - Isolation from people outside of the cult - Recruits often give up all of their worldly possessions - Recruits are often looking for a new way, or are unsatisfied with the old ways - Examples o Unification Church (Rev. Sun Myung Moon) o People’s Temple (Jim Jones) o Branch Davidians (David Koresh) o Heaven’s Gate (Marshall Applewhite) - Commitment o Foot-in-door – starts with an introduction Cup of coffee > Out to dinner > Weekend retreat > 2 Week retreat o Compliance – by quickly becoming an active member one he/she is in o Communicator – charismatic group leader sends messages of trust - Resisting Indoctrination o Make your personal beliefs public o Create a counter-argument o Attitude inoculation Social Facilitation - When others are present we tend to behave: o With more passion on easy tasks Good at hockey, perform better when more people are watching o Our behavior is hindered on more difficult tasks Bad at baseball, perform worse when more people are watching - Co-Actors – people who are present but not competing with you
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- Crowding – how big can the crowd get before you choke o When people sit close together friendly people are better liked than unfriendly people o Arousal increases with crowding Heart rate increases Blood pressure increases Sweating increases - Evaluation Apprehension – when we are “worried” how others are evaluating us o We do easier things better, and more difficult things worse o We do better when we value the evaluator o We may not do as well if we don’t care about the evaluator’s opinion o If you worry about what others think to begin with, then you will have increased evaluation apprehension o If you analyze your behavior too deeply then you will have increased evaluation apprehension - Distraction o When we are so worried about what others think we become distracted o The conflict between what we are doing and not being sure if we can do it, and being in the presence of a crowd, can distract us and keep us from performing as well as we’d like Social Loafing – when you give less effort in a group than when you are acting alone - Crew team vs. swim team - Riding a tandem bike vs. riding a solo bike - Clapping with the crowd vs. clapping alone - Singing in a chorus vs. singing alone (unless you are a good singer > social facilitation) - Free ride – when you do less work and let the group take up the slack o Happens when team members are not held accountable for their own actions o Diffuse responsibility of own and others’ actions o Team leader/captain is usually held accountable, and will not exhibit the “free ride”
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o If team members truly do not know how to do the work Offer assistance but let them know you will only do so once you are finished with your own work Remind them that this is their project too and they need to learn how to do it on their own Give them tasks they will enjoy more or are better at
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2011 for the course PSYC 2700 taught by Professor Ruecker during the Spring '11 term at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

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Social Psychology Exam 2 Notes - Cults - new religious...

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