22 Determinants of Water Quality 9

22 Determinants of Water Quality 9 - pH is based on the...

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pH is based on the abundance of hydrogen ions in water When elemental hydrogen loses its electron it becomes a positively charged ion. Nucleus 1 Proton (+) 1 Electron (-) Hydrogen ions participate in enormous numbers of environmental reactions
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Common Acids Hydrochloric Acid H Cl Sulfuric Acid H 2 SO 4 Nitric Acid H NO 3 Carbonic Acid H 2 CO 3 Acetic Acid H C 2 H 3 O 2 Ammonium N H 4 +
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HCl + Cl - HNO 3 + NO 3 - H 2 SO 4 + HSO 4 - Dissociation of acids
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pH A measure of the amount of Hydrogen ions in water - Log (H + ) Low pH = High amount of Hydrogen ions in water High pH = Low amount of Hydrogen ions in water
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course SWS 2007 taught by Professor bonczek during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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22 Determinants of Water Quality 9 - pH is based on the...

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