Resolve_Explain - 547 1 Calories consumed in excess of...

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547 1. Calories consumed in excess of those with which the body needs to be provided to maintain its weight are normally stored as fat and the body gains weight. Alcoholic beverages are laden with calories. However, those people who regularly drink two or three alcoholic beverages a day and thereby exceed the caloric intake necessary to maintain their weight do not in general gain weight. Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy? (A) Some people who regularly drink two or three alcoholic beverages a day avoid exceeding the caloric intake necessary to maintain their weight by decreasing caloric intake from other sources. (B) Excess calories consumed by people who regularly drink two or three alcoholic beverages a day tend to be dissipated as heat. (C) Some people who do not drink alcoholic beverages but who eat high-calorie foods do not gain weight. (D) Many people who regularly drink more than three alcoholic beverages a day do not gain weight. (E) Some people who take in fewer calories than are normally necessary to maintain their weight do not lose weight. 567 2. A recent survey of brand preferences showed that R-Bar Beans are considered the best of all brands among all age groups, leading both Texas T Beans and Aunt Sally’s Beans by a wide margin. However, the national sales figures show that Texas T and Aunt Sally’s each sold many more cans of beans last year than did R-Bar. Each of the following would, by itself, help to resolve the apparent paradox described in the passage EXCEPT: (A) Texas T Beans and Aunt Sally’s Beans are each much less expensive than R-Bar Beans. (B) Some of the surveyed age groups showed more of a preference for R-Bar Beans than did others. (C) The survey was carried out only in the small geographic area where R-Bar distributes its beans, not nationwide. (D) Most food stores refuse to carry R-Bar Beans because the manufacturer demands that R-Bar Beans be carried exclusively. (E) R-Bar Beans were only introduced to the market three months prior to the calculation of sales figures, while Texas T Beans and Aunt Sally’s Beans had been available for years. 590 3. The city’s center for disease control reports that the rabies epidemic is more serious now than it was two years ago: two years ago less than 25 percent of the local raccoon population was infected, whereas today the infection has spread to more than 50 percent of the raccoon population. However, the newspaper reports that whereas two years ago 32 cases of rabid raccoons were confirmed during a 12-month period, in the past 12 months only 18 cases of rabid raccoons were confirmed. Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy between the two reports? (A) The number of cases of rabies in wild animals other than raccoons has increased in the past 12
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Resolve_Explain - 547 1 Calories consumed in excess of...

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