1500s - Ottomans absorb part of Yemen into their empire but are expelled in the 1600s.1839 - Aden comes under British rule, and when the Suez Canal opens in 1869 serves as a major refuelling port1849 - Ottomans return to north, but later face revolt. 1918 - Ottoman empire dissolves, North Yemen gains independence and is ruled by Imam Yahya1948 - Yahya assassinated, but his son Ahmad beats off opponents of feudal rule and succeeds his father.1962 - Imam Ahmad dies, succeeded by his son but army officers seize power, set up the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), sparking civil war between royalists supported by Saudi Arabia and republicans backed by Egypt.1967 - Formation of southern Yemen, comprising Aden and former Protectorate of South Arabia. Country is later officially known as the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY). Programme of nationalisation begins.
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Yemen, Imam Ahmad, North Yemen gains, Yemen Arab Republic, Ali Abdallah Saleh