Genelde - Genelde nklap nitelemesiyle anlan bu Cumhuriyetin...

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Genelde “İnkılap” nitelemesiyle anılan bu “Cumhuriyetin temel rejimi”nin iki öğesi vardır. Önde, üstyapı dönüşümleri diye adlandırılan laiklik, yasal yapının laikleştirilmesi ve batıyla uyum sağlaması amacıyla yapılan hukuk reformu, kılık kıyafet değişimi, Latin alfabesinin kabulü, Batılı yaşam biçimine uyum çabaları bulunmaktadır. Alt yapıda ise Milli Mücadele’ye son noktanın konulduğu İzmir’de zaferden dört ay sonra toplanan İktisat Kongresi’nde kabul edilen, “Serbesti” diye tanımlanan, liberal ekonomi bulunmaktadır. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti kuruluşundan bugüne, “Liberal rekabetçi serbest piyasa ekonomisi”ne yani kapitalizmin temel yaklaşımına dayanmıştır. 1930’lu yılların devletçiliği bile “Devlet Kapitalizmi”nden, ilk sermaye birikimini hedefleyen ve bu birikimi özel kesimi büyütmekte kullanan bir yöntemden ibarettir. The post-WWI recession was an economic recession that hit much of the world after the First World War . The decade before the war had seen some of the fastest economic growth in history. In many nations, especially in North America , this growth continued during the war as nations mobilized their economies to fight the war in Europe . After the war ended, however, the global economy began to decline. 1918-1919 saw a modest economic retreat, but the next year saw a mild recovery. The worst year of the recession was 1921 when the global economy fell very sharply. The recession was caused by the end of wartime production, along with an influx of labour from returning troops causing high unemployment. The war also had a lasting effect on global trade. The industries of continental Europe had been badly damaged and the Russian Revolution had removed that nation from the world economy. Monetarists argue the most important cause was wartime inflation caused by the borrowing and printing of money to fund the war effort. Free-market economists also believe the recession was necessary. The rapid growth and increase in production had been largely due to the partial command economy imposed during the war. Free marketers believe that any such growth is illusory and must later be paid for in the form of a recession. The end of the war had created a new class of unemployed former soldiers and in the face of the recession they enlisted with both the far right and the left and began revolts in a number of areas. Most of these groups were unsuccessful in gaining power. Communist revolts in Hungary and Germany were defeated, as were the far right groups. One exception was in Italy where the fascist blackshirts of Benito Mussolini came to power at the height of the downturn. In the west the population was far less radicalized by the recession. Discontent was made
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Genelde - Genelde nklap nitelemesiyle anlan bu Cumhuriyetin...

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