christianity0 - The Early Christian Church Church Questions...

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Unformatted text preview: The Early Christian Church Church Questions on the Early Christian Questions on the Early Christian Church 1. How did Christianity originate and spread in the Roman Empire? 2. What was the organization of the Christian Church in the first centuries of its existence? 3. How did monasticism develop as an alternative to Christian church hierarchy? I. Rise of Christianity in Roman I. Rise of Christianity in Roman Empire ­ spread of mystery cults in 1st C. AD Mithras Altar of Mithras Isis, (Rome, Early 2nd C. AD) I. Rise of Christianity in Roman I. Rise of Christianity in Roman Empire ­ spread of mystery cults in 1st C. AD ­ Jesus of Nazareth (6BC­30AD) Christian painting, 4th c. AD Rise of Christianity 1. Life of Jesus 2. Group of Jews who follow his message interpret life and death as something with profound significance for Judaism and relations with God 3. Paul of Tarsus – declares new map of the world for both Jews and Gentiles; breaking away of Christianity from Jewish origins ­ spread of mystery cults in 1st C. AD ­ Jesus of Nazareth (6BC­30AD) ­ persecution under Nero (37­68 AD) I. Rise of Christianity in Roman I. Rise of Christianity in Roman Empire ­ 2nd C. age of definition: What is Christianity, relationship with Jewish Scriptures (Old Testament); emergence of uniform body of doctrines and texts: New Testament I. Rise of Christianity in Roman I. Rise of Christianity in Roman Empire ­ 303­305 AD Great Persecution persecution under Diocletian ­ 312, conversion of Constantine Head of Constantine From a 30 ft. statue placed in the apse of the Basilica Nova of Maxentius and Constantine in the Roman Forum Sermon on the Mount, 270-310 AD Wall Painting, Late 3rd c. AD, Rome I am the way, the truth and the life Julian the Apostate ­ 341 pagan sacrifice banned I. Rise of Christianity in Roman I. Rise of Christianity in Roman Empire ­ 355 pagan temples closed and death penalty for sacrificing ­ 357, altar of Victory removed from Senate ­ 361­363 emperor Julian tries to re­establish paganism ­ 380, Theodosius makes Christianity official religion of Roman Empire II. Rise of Church Hierarchy II. Rise of Church Hierarchy ­ creation of church organization as hope of return of Messiah fades II. Rise of Church Hierarchy II. Rise of Church Hierarchy ­ creation of church organization as hope of return of Messiah fades ­ role of bishops: the episcopate II. Rise of Church Hierarchy II. Rise of Church Hierarchy ­ creation of church organization as hope of return of Messiah fades ­ role of bishops: the episcopate ­ no centralized authority over Church until rise of Bishop of Rome in 5th c Catacomb ceiling showing biblical scenes, 4th c. AD, Rome Mosaic showing Christ and Peter, 4th c. AD, Rome, Basilica ofSaint Costanza Christ’s Ascension 400 AD Apse painting, Early 5th c. AD Apse painting, 6th c. The Growth of Monasticism The Origins of monasticism in Egyptian hermit monks The Growth of Monasticism The Origins of monasticism in Egyptian hermit monks Monasticism in East developed by Basil the Great The Growth of Monasticism The Origins of monasticism in Egyptian hermit monks Monasticism in East developed by Basil the Great Monasticism in West developed by Benedict of Nursia (The Holy Rule of Saint Benedict) Fresco from catacomb of Hermes, Rome. Saint Benedict of Nursia. 8th c. A.D. This is the earliest known representation of Benedict. Cloisters of a Benedictine Monastery in England. The Growth of Monasticism The Origins of monasticism in Egyptian hermit monks Monasticism in East developed by Basil the Great Monasticism in West developed by Benedict of Nursia ( The Holy Rule of Saint Benedict) Tension between Church hierarchy and monastic orders Conclusion ...
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