JAN_24_Lecture-Public_pt_2 - Jan 24, 2011 - Voltaire and...

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Unformatted text preview: Jan 24, 2011 - Voltaire and the Enlightenment Contexts for Candide, continued Europe in the middle of the 18 th century commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:1748 The overthrow of the Bourbon dynasty (the monarchy of Louis XVI) in France, 1789 http://fee.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/French-Revolution.-4331.jpg CWL 242 Prof. Gasyna Spring 2011 6 Jan 24, 2011 - Voltaire and the Enlightenment A special treat reserved for Frances aristocrats and other counter-revolutionary enemies during the time of The Terror, 1793-5 commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Guillotine.jpg But for the moment .All is best in the best of all possible worlds. Key targets of critique in Candide- - its a critique of positive science, especially rationalist positivism (Gottfried Leibnitz); the teleology (or circular logic) of positivist cosmology; and principles of Leibnitzian optimism (God assuredly always chooses the best)- a ctitique of power: of the raison detat of empire, including the Christian empire in the...
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JAN_24_Lecture-Public_pt_2 - Jan 24, 2011 - Voltaire and...

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