hawthorne_young - Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions...

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Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction not be "used for any purposes other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
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1272 ~ NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE 1804-1864 In 1879, the author Henry James called Nathaniel Hawthorne "the most valuable example of American genius," expressing the widely held belief that he was the most significimt fiction writer of the antebellum period. Readers continue to celebrate Hawthorne for his prose style, his perceptive renderings of New England history, his psychological acuity, and his vivid characterizations-especially of female charac- ters. Still, for many, he remains tantalizingly elusive,a writer who-as he remarked in the "Custom-House" introduction to The Scarlet Letter-wished to keep '.'the inmost Me behind its veil." He was to be sure adeeply private man, but the elu- siveness of his fiction stems from a deliberate aesthetic of ambiguity, a refusal to "stick a pin through a butterfly" (as he put it in the preface to The House of the Seven Gables) by imposing a single moral on a story. Withholding interpretation-or offer- ing multiple and conflicting interpretations-Hawthorne not only makes readers do their own interpretive work but also shows how interpretation is often a form of self- expression. ' Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804, in Salem, Massachusetts. His prominent Puri- tan ancestors on the Hawthorne side of the family were among the first settlers of lVIassachusetts and ineluded a judge in the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692. The men in his mother's family, the Mannings, were tradesmen and businessmen. When Hawthorne's sea-captain father died in Surinam of yellow fever in 1808, his mother, Elizabeth Manning Hawthorne, moved with her three children into the Manning fam- ily's commodious house in Salem. There, with his mother, sisters, grandparents, two aunts, and five uncles, Hawthorne discovered his love of reading, displaying particular interest as a boy in John Bunyan's Puritan allegory The Pilgrim's Progress. In 1813 he injured his foot in an accident, was fitted with a protective boot and crutches and, while remaining home from school during the long recuperation period, continued to read extensively. By his midteens he was reading the novelists Henry Fielding, Tobias Smol- let, William Godwin, and Sir Walter Scott, while forming an ambition, as he wrote his sister Elizabeth when he was sixteen, of "becoming an Author, and relying for support upon my pen." Hawthorne enjoyed long visits to the Manning properties at Sebago Lake, Maine, and at age seventeen enrolled at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine.
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2011 for the course ECON 103 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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hawthorne_young - Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions...

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