fact_sheet - National Aeronautics and Space Administration...

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov Phoenix Mars Mission Phoenix Mars Mission Lunar and Planetary Laboratory 1 rev. 11/05 Uncovering the Mysteries of the Martian Arctic Continuing Mars Exploration Phoenix is designed to be an innovative, low-cost part of the NASA’s Mars Exploration Program and will be instrumental in achieving this program’s long-term goals: (1) Determine whether Life ever Arose on Mars, (2) Characterize the Climate of Mars, (3) Characterize the Geology of Mars, and (4) Prepare for Human Exploration. The Phoenix Team The Phoenix Mars Lander Mission is operated for NASA by the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona in partnership with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Lockheed Martin, and the Canadian Space Agency. In addition to these major partners, scientists from academic institutions and laborato- ries around the world will participate in the mission. Peter Smith of the University of Arizona’s Lunar and Planetary Laboratory heads the Phoenix Mission , the frst mission to Mars led by an academic institution. Rising from the Ashes Like the Phoenix bird of ancient mythology, the Phoenix Mars Mission is reborn out oF fre; this new mission was created from the embers of previous Mars endeavors. Phoenix will use many components of two unsuccessful Mars missions, MPL and MSP ‘01. Using lessons learned and an extensive testing program, scientists and engineers are confdent that Phoenix will rise from the ashes reveal- ing clues in the martian arctic soils about the history of water and potential for biology. The Phoenix Mars Mission , scheduled For launch in August 2007, is the frst in NASA’s “Scout Program.” Phoenix is designed to study the history of water and search for complex organic molecules in the ice-rich soil of the martian arctic. Phoenix inherits a highly capable spacecraft built for the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 (MSP ’01) lander, as well as scientifc instruments From the Mars Polar Lander (MPL). Using the lessons learned from the MPL and MSP ’01 experiences, the mission engineering team is working on developing enhanced spacecraft reliability through extensive testing, (i.e. beyond normal integration and environment testing that occurs for all missions). What will Phoenix fnd in
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course AERO 520 taught by Professor Rs during the Spring '11 term at Istanbul Technical University.

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fact_sheet - National Aeronautics and Space Administration...

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