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Inverted pyramid--all materials

Inverted pyramid--all materials - Characteristics of News...

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Characteristics of News Stories Writers for the mass media spend time on two tasks: --gathering information –eye witness, things you read, things others tell you --packaging that information in acceptable forms, depending on who you are writing for, what media, etc. --Having the right information —relevant facts of a story, proper identification of people involved (including correctly spelled names and titles), times and dates, accurate direct quotes— is vital to the process… Having a mind for accuracy is so important! You are going for accuracy, clarity and precision But that’s only part of it-just the beginning Then you have to have Knowledge of the language AND Adherence to the rules of style And at some point you have to stop gathering information and begin writing . So How DO You Begin?— you start by finding out what your story will be about. Faced with a mass of information, facts, ideas, quotations, and so forth, the news writer must find a central idea to help sort out what information stays and what can go. And also this will help with sorting out the order of the information. Your story has to have unity—be about one topic or central idea The central idea will usually be expressed in the lead –normally in the first paragraph, which sets the tone and direction for the story. If you have a good lead, this will help unify the piece.—then subsequent paragraphs should pick up on various aspects of the story introduced in the lead. The lead tells the reader what the story is about but it leads to some questions, which the rest of the story then addresses. Writers approach stories in various ways, according to their personal styles, the time they have, the space that will be dedicated to the piece, the information they have…the publication they are writing for, and the readers … Today we’ll talk about the basic news story structure—the inverted pyramid, which we will practice for the next few weeks in class. This will help you as a PR writer to put together stories editors will be more likely to pick up and run.
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Some tools for a news writer There’s no solid formula to use that will work every time for every situation. However, writers should be aware of tools and conventions of writing used to make the story acceptable for the publication for which they are writing. Transitions —establishing relationships between various pieces of information and the central theme, transitions tie the information together and tip the reader off as to what may come next. Using connector words is a simple way to accomplish easy transitions: and, but, or, thus, however, therefore, meanwhile, on the other hand, and likewise. Attribution —telling the readers where the information in a story comes from. This helps establish a news story’s credibility. Most of the major facts in a news story should be attributed to some source unless the information is common knowledge of most readers. It’s a good idea to stick with SAID, as other words can bring unwanted meanings about the WAY something was said.
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