Class Notes - Click to edit Master subtitle style Stress...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Stress and Stress-Related Disorders 2.14.11 2.16.11 Exam #1 Mean = 80.3 (sd 11.49) Stem: 4 | 7 5 | 3 5 | 6 | 44 6 | 7 7 | 0234444 7 | 556888 8 | 0001444 8 | 568 9 | 00012224 9 | 5666 The Spirit of CQI Fritz Perls Suggestions? Instructor Students Concerns? Behavioral Medicine and Behavioral medicine: Focuses on the role that psychological factors play in the occurrence, maintenance, and prevention of medical problems Health psychology: Deals with psychologys contributions to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychological components of physical problems Psychological problems � health problems Health problems psychological problems Organismic causes What Is Stress? Stress refers to both: The adjustive demands placed on an organism (a.k.a. stressors ) The organisms internal biological and psychological responses to such demands Hammens Definition: an occurrence or ongoing situation that has the potential to affect the individuals life in negative ways, and typically some activity or behavior on the part of the individual is required to avoid, minimize, or counteract the negative consequences 55 Factors Predisposing a Person to The nature of the stressor: Involvement of important aspects of a persons life How distal or how proximal? (e.g. Egypt) Duration of stressor Cumulative effect of stressors (ex. last straw; kindling effect) Chronic, or long-lasting stressors Multiple concurrent stressors Life changes Experience of crisis: Factors Predisposing a Person to A Persons Perception of the Stressors Anticipated vs. unexpected events Individuals Stress Tolerance A persons ability to withstand stress without becoming seriously impaired Lack of External Resources and Social Supports Social support may buffer the effects of stress Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal- 88 Hypothalamus Pituitary gland Adrenal glands 1) Messages travel from the hypothalamus to the pituitary via hormones 1) The pituitary to releases another hormone that stimulates the adrenal gland to produce adrenaline and cortisol (a stress hormone) Stress and the Stress Response Stress leads to increased production of cortisol High levels of cortisol: Prepare the body for fight-or-flight Always on Decrease immune system activity End result of HPA axis activation Allostatic load: the biological cost of adapting to Simulating Stress Pay Attention to physical sensation....
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Class Notes - Click to edit Master subtitle style Stress...

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