Anxiety1 - Anxiety Disorders Krista E. Brown, M.A., Ph.D....

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/25/11 Anxiety Disorders 2.21.11 2.23.11
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2/25/11 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety: A general feeling of apprehension about possible danger 7 Primary anxiety disorders in DSM-IV Affect approximately 25-29% of the US population at some point in their lives Over 81 million Americans Most common disorders amongst women 2nd most common disorders amongst men 1-Year prevalence rate: 23% women 12% men
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2/25/11 Anxiety vs. Fear Fear (or panic): A basic emotion that involves the activation of the fight-or-flight response of the sympathetic nervous system 3 Components: Cognitive/Subjective Physiological/Affective Behavioral Anxiety: Also has all 3 components No activation of the fight-or-flight response, but can prepare for danger Many sources of fear and anxiety are learned, or conditioned
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2/25/11 Sources of Fear
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2/25/11 Anxiety Disorders 7 Primary Types of Anxiety Disorders: Phobic disorder l Specific l Social Panic Disorder l With Agoraphobia l Without Agoraphobia Generalized Anxiety Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) [last week’s lecture] Modest genetic contributions to each of these disorders, manifested by personality trait, neuroticism
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2/25/11 Specific Phobia Phobia : a persistent and disproportionate fear of some specific object or situation that presents little or no actual danger and yet leads to a great deal of avoidance Specific phobia : strong and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable and is triggered by the presence of some object or situation Immediate fear response resembles a panic attack, except with a clear external trigger Subtypes of Specific Phobias in DSM-IV: Animal
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2/25/11 DSM-IV Criteria: Specific Phobia A. Marked or persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable, cued by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or situation B. Exposure to phobic stimulus almost invariably provokes an immediate anxiety response or panic attack C. Person recognizes that fear is excessive or unreasonable D. Phobic situation avoided or endured with intense anxiety or distress E. Symptoms interfere significantly with normal
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2/25/11 Specific Phobia Lifetime prevalence: 12% In people with one specific phobia, over 75% have at least one other specific fear that is excessive More common in women Gender ratios vary by phobia Women = 90-95% of animal phobia Age of onset also varies by phobia Animal phobias often begin in childhood
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2/25/11 Common Specific 99 Acrophobia Heights Algophobia Pain Astraphobia Thunderstorms Claustrophobia* Enclosed places Hydrophobia Water Monophobia Being alone Mysophobia Contamination Nychtophobia Darkness Pyrophobia Fire Zoophobia Animals or some particular animal
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2/25/11 Specific Phobia: Psychosocial Causal Factors Psychoanalytic theory : phobias represent a defense against anxiety stemming from
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PYSC 410 taught by Professor Bessellieu during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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Anxiety1 - Anxiety Disorders Krista E. Brown, M.A., Ph.D....

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