CausalFactors2b

CausalFactors2b - CausalFactors,Viewpoints,and Treatment

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  2/25/11 PART TWO/Three 1.31.11 & 2.2.11 Causal Factors, Viewpoints, and  Treatment
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 2/25/11 Agenda for 1.31.11/2.2.11 Biological Viewpoint Causal Views and Treatment Gloria sessions Exam #1: 2.9.11
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 2/25/11 Psychosocial Viewpoints Adopting perspectives influences… Our perception of maladaptive behavior The types of evidence we look for The way in which are likely to interpret data Psychodynamic Behavioral Cognitive-behavioral Sociocultural Humanistic Existential 33
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 2/25/11 Sigmund Freud  (1856-1939) took the first major  steps toward understanding psychological factors in  mental disorders  His theories have evolved into the psychoanalytic perspective Psychoanalysis  emphasizes the inner dynamics of  unconscious motives 4
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 2/25/11 Psychodynamic Perspectives 55 Founded by Sigmund Freud Key concept   the Unconscious But also topographic model Conscious Preconscious Unconscious
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 2/25/11 Psychodynamic Perspectives Freud theorized that a person’s behavior results from  the interaction of 3 personality components: The id : the source of instinctual drives The ego : which mediates between the demands of the id and  the realities of the external world The superego : the outgrowth of internalizing the taboos and  moral values of society Inner conflicts between these three components, if  unresolved, lead to mental disorder
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 2/25/11 Causation Views Again, psychoanalysis concentrates on: Catharsis discharge of emotional tension associated  with something, such as by talking about past traumas The  unconscious :  a major portion of the mind that  consists of a hidden mass of instincts, impulses, and  memories and is not easily available to conscious  awareness yet plays an important role in behavior 7
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 2/25/11 Psychodynamic Perspectives 88 Anxiety is prominent Freud believed it played a key role in most forms of  psychopathology The ego often deals with neurotic or moral anxiety  by resorting to irrational protective measures (ego- defense mechanisms)
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 2/25/11 Some Defense Mechanisms Name Description Repression Motivated forgetting Denial Ignoring or minimizing particular facts  Projection Attributing one’s own feelings to someone else Rationalization A false but personally acceptable explanation for one’s behavior Displacement Transferring a feeling about one situation onto another situation Reaction-Formation Turning an unacceptable feeling into its opposite Intellectualization Avoiding painful feelings by focusing only on ideas Undoing Using ritualized behavior to create an illusion of control Splitting
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PYSC 410 taught by Professor Bessellieu during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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CausalFactors2b - CausalFactors,Viewpoints,and Treatment

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