HistoricalandMethods1

HistoricalandMethods1 - HistoricalViewsof AbnormalBehavior...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Click to edit Master subtitle style Historical Views of  Abnormal Behavior and January 24, 2K11
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Agenda 1.26.11: Response Paper 1 A question of style DSM-IV Abnormality throughout history to present A *very* brief primer in Research Methods Next Class
Background image of page 2
Historical Views of Abnormal  Behavior Early views were often based on demonology,  gods, and magic Hippocrates’ Early Medical Concepts Believed that mental disorders were due to natural  causes (specifically the brain) 3 categories of mental disorders: Mania Melancholia Phrenitis (brain fever)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Historical Views of Abnormal Behavior Doctrine of the four humors  Hippocrates (and later, Galen) Blood (sanguis) Phlegm (calm, unemotional) Bile (choler) Black bile (melancholer) A person’s temperament was determined by the  dominant humor Many mental disorders were caused by the four  bodily fluids being out of balance
Background image of page 4
Historical Views of Abnormal  Behavior Abnormality during the Middle Ages Marked by superstition/supernatural explanations Limited scientific inquiry Mass madness:  the widespread occurrence of group behavior disorders  that were apparently cases of hysteria Whole groups of people were affected simultaneously Management of mentally ill left to the clergy Treatment consisted of prayer, holy water, ointments, and  exorcisms
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Historical Views of Abnormal  Behavior 16th century *  asylums were developed to care for the  mentally ill Viewed more as ‘storage facilities’ rather than hospitals Often lived and died in filthy and cruel conditions Treatments were designed to restore physical balance in  body and brain: Included powerful drugs, water treatments bleeding and blistering electric shocks physical restraints
Background image of page 6
Historical Views of Abnormal  Behavior Late Middle Ages/Early Renaissance: resurgence of scientific questioning in Europe Paracelsus: advocated treatment by bodily magnetism  (later called hypnosis*) Johann Weyer: one of the 1st physicians to specialize in  mental disorders Believed that many who had been persecuted for witchcraft were  instead suffering from mental illness Founder of modern psychopathology
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Historical Views of  Pinel (1792): Convinced the French government to remove the chains of patients 
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 28

HistoricalandMethods1 - HistoricalViewsof AbnormalBehavior...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online