Happiness: In one word, this concept exemplifies the American dream.
People go to
any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce
pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate
goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the
pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values,
pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and
rationally identified a natural human tendency, and his Utilitarian arguments
strongly support the theory that above all else, happiness is the most important
dream to be fulfilled.
Upon researching for this paper, I came across a counter
argument, which was based on metaphysics.
Immanuel Kant, in Groundwork of the
Metaphysics of Morals, defends his strong beliefs in the issue of a good will, and
surfaces as MM's chief opponent on the topic of metaphysics, The issue diminishes
to a clash between emotions and pleasures verses rationality and logic.
use is logic when the good agent is miserable?
Mill's stance within Utilitarianism
exists as the more favorable of the two beliefs, for happiness exist as the one
intrinsically favorable element, not an emotionless mind.
The main defender of the Utilitarian system exists within the Greatest
Mill lived as a chief advocate of this concept, which
supports the idea that a decision is morally correct as long as it increases and
encourages pleasures and happiness.
Kant, however, in his endless quest to remain
separate from emotions and thrive only on logic, would argue that autonomy should
be placed above happiness in a list of intrinsic values.
A good will, however,
does not comfort an individual in any way if happiness does not accompany this
asset, Consider this
example of a seemingly happily married couple. The wife in
this duo is madly in love with her husband fiercely loyal, and completely happy
with her marriage and children.
The husband, however, as wrongfully strayed, and
had a brief, but damaging affair behind his wife's back.
Kant would argue that