Hume, David - Hume, David In An Inquiry Concerning Human...

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Hume, David H In An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume demonstrates how there is no way to rationally make any claims about future occurrences. According to Hume knowledge of matters of fact come from previous experience. From building on this rationale, Hume goes on to prove how, as humans we can only make inferences on what will happen in the future, based on our experiences of the past. But he points out that we are incorrect to believe that we are justified in using our experience of the past as a means of evidence of what will happen in the future. Since we have only experience of the past, we can only offer propositions of the demonstratively certain, such as in Mathematics (240). It can be affirmed that 2 + 2 equals 4, according to Hume4s "relations of ideas.± ±Matters of fact± on the other hand are not ascertained in the same manner as ±Relations of Ideas.& The ideas that are directly caused by impressions are called "matters of fact". With ±matters of fact,P there is no certainty in establishing evidence of truth since every contradiction is possible. Hume uses the example of the sun rising in the future to demonstrate how as humans, we are unjustified in making predictions of the future based on past occurrences. As humans, we tend to use the principle of induction to predict what will occur in the future. Out of habit, we assume that sun will
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PHIL 1100 taught by Professor Pelham during the Spring '11 term at York University.

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Hume, David - Hume, David In An Inquiry Concerning Human...

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