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study_guide - SAME version 2.1 1 Haspela 2004 SAME Safe...

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Unformatted text preview: SAME version 2.1.- 1 - Haspela 2004 SAME Safe Administration of Medications Exam A Review of Dosage Calculations, Preparation, and Administration Version 2.1 Created by Dean N. Haspela BS,CES; BS,RN University of Massachusetts Boston College of Nursing and Health Sciences The Safe Administration of Medication Exam (SAME) is designed to assess your ability to safely prepare medications and calculate drug dosages. Success on the SAME depends on learning from the text book, attendance at a med/math review session and review with this packet. For information about med/math review sessions: Look online at www.cnhs.umb.edu , check your email, or the bulletin boards outside of CNHS. Table of Contents Math Review Fractions, Decimals, and Rounding………… 2-4 Conversions………………………………… 5 Ratio-Proportions…………………………… 6 Basic Problem Solving and Resources……… 7 Adult Medication Administration Review Oral Medications: Tablets and Capsules…… 8-11 Oral Medications: Liquids and Elixers……… 12-13 Injections: Types, Sizes, Amounts, Sizes…… 14-15 Injections: Calculations……………………… 16-17 Intravenous Medications: Drip and Pump Rates 18-21 Pediatrics Conversions…………………………………… 23-24 24 Hour Dose Calculations…………………… 25 Divided Doses………………………………… 26 Therapeutic Ranges…………………………… 27 Basic Problem Solving and Salient Pediatric Tips 28 Pediatric IV Calculations……………………….. 29 Reconstitution…………………………………… 30 Appendix Prohibited Medical Abbreviations……………… 31 Answers to Practice Problems………………….. 32-68 SAME version 2.1.- 2 - Haspela 2004 Fractions and Decimals Nurses need to understand fractions to be able to understand and implement medication orders. A fraction is used to describe a portion of a number. For example: 1/8 means 1 of 8 pieces 5/60 means 5 of 60 pieces Remember that any number over the same number is equal to one. For example: 60/60 = 1 4/4 = 1 Remember that any number over 1 is equal to that number. For example: 60/1 is the same as 60 25/1 = 25 You can convert a fraction into a decimal by dividing the bottom number ( denominator ) into the top number ( numerator ). For example: 1/2 = 0.5 because 2 goes into 1 0.5 times or 1 divided by 2 is equal to 0.5 1/4 = 0.25 because 4 goes into 1 0.25 times or 1 divided by 4 is equal to 0.25 Example 3/25 is equal to ____ of 25 pieces? The numerator describes how many parts there are in the denominator. So, 3/25 means 3 of 25 pieces. 250/250 is equal to ____? Any number over that same number is equal to 1. So, 250/250 = 1....
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study_guide - SAME version 2.1 1 Haspela 2004 SAME Safe...

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