Feb. 23 - Feb.23 Government Feudal Monarchies...

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Feb. 23 Government Feudal Monarchies England: 1100-1215 o King of England is also the Duke of Normandy Henry I (1100-35) Plantagenet o Increased the power of the royal government in England o Financial administration: Since kings were itinerant (kings took everything with them when  they traveled), Henry established a permanent treasury at   Winchester Barons of the Exchequer       made sure the king got was he was due Sheriffs paid a “farm” for their shire twice a year     , before the  Exchequer; there was no way of knowing if enough was being paid.  Now with an Exchequer in place, sheriffs had to go to them so they  would know the sheriff was paying the proper amount Pipe Roll     , sheriffs would take more from people than what the king  required and pocketed it o Legal Administration Introduced royal justices.  They traveled throughout the kingdom on  behalf of the king to hear the most important crimes.  They  technically interfered with the feudal court justice system already in  place. Henry started to replace sheriffs with new men.  The current sheriffs  were barons who owed their allegiance to kings other than Henry.  This reduced the power of the Barons, and he replaced them with  men who were loyal to him.
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o Henry died with no legitimate male heir, but compelled his barons to  pledge allegiance to his daughter, Matilda (married to the count of  Anjou) King Stephen (1135-54) o Henry’s nephew, Stephen, count of Boulongne, hastened to England to  claim the throne o Civil war broke out when Matilda invaded England while her husband  invaded Normandy o
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Feb. 23 - Feb.23 Government Feudal Monarchies...

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