Jan. 28 - Jan.28 NormansinItalyandSicily o

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Jan. 28 Normans in Italy and Sicily o How did Normans from France end up in southern Italy and Sicily? Pilgrimage Byzantine armies They became mercenaries, fighting off Muslims and protecting  Lombard duchies Italian Politics o Most famous Norman adventurers in southern Italy were the sons of  Tancred of Hauteville Robert Guiscard At first a roving robber, he engaged in local politics and soon  rose to distinction Alliance with the papacy in 1059 o Duke of Calabria, Apulia, and Sicily o Invasion of Sicily (1061-1085) Messina (1061) Palermo (1072) Consolidation of mainland power Brought his brother Roger along with him who eventually  to charge 1071 got rid of the last of the Byzantine territories Southern Italy was now Christian Roger I Count of Sicily (c.1071-1101)
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Roger II Count of Sicily in 1103 Seized power and brought Apulia and Calabria together in 1127
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Jan. 28 - Jan.28 NormansinItalyandSicily o

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