2 - Genetics of Populations-1

2 - Genetics of Populations-1 - b What are the 4...

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Bio201 Lecture 2. Genetics of Populations I. What is evolution? a. What four observations shaped Darwin’s thinking about how the diversity of living organisms arose? b. How are these observations consistent with Darwin’s view that all species have descended from a common ancestor? c. Which observations are inconsistent with the alternative view that existing species do not share a common ancestry, but instead arose independently. d. What is Uniformitarianism? e. What is the difference between Microevolution and Macroevolution? f. Can Microevolutionary processes accumulating over a long time period result in Macroevolutionary patterns? II. Can we see evolution occur? a. What 2 hypotheses does Darwin present in ‘The Origin of Species’?
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Unformatted text preview: b. What are the 4 requirements of Evolution by Natural Selection? c. Example: Natural Selection in Darwin’s Finches i. Are the 4 requirements for evolution by natural selection met in this example? ii. How do we know that evolution occurred? iii. How does this example illustrate the link between Micro- and Macro- evolution? III. Is there a relationship between the amount of genetic variation and the rate of evolution by natural selection? a. What is heritability? b. What is the relationship between heritability and genetic variation? c. What is Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem (FFT)? d. What is the main consequence of FFT? What is a primary application of FFT?...
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