AMERICAN STUDY GUIDE 2-from last year-1.docx - LIB 133...

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LIB 133 American Culture, Identity, and Public LifeDavid DoolinMidterm #2 Study GuideExam: March 24, 2009RONALD TAKAKI, A DIFFERENT MIRRORChapter 6. “Emigrants from Erin: Ethnicity and Class within White America”oPotato FamineoBlight destroyed crop, main source of foodoPopulation decreased by 36%o1 million died of starvationoIrish attitudes about African Americans before immigrationoSaw many parallels between selves & blacksoMany supported abolition of slaveryoIrish attitudes about African Americans after immigration to the USoMany became anti-blackoFighting over jobs with blacksoAmerican attitudes about the Catholic ChurchoCatholics had restrictionsoFear of foreign influenceoThe Know Nothing PartyoCalled for anti-immigrant legislationoFounded as response to Irish immigrantsoBecame “American party”oMost popular in NY & NE where Irish heavy populationoRacialization of the Irish…and the Irish become “white”oCompared Irish makeup to that of a dogoDid not except the Irish- race of savagesChapter 7. “Foreigners in Their Land: Manifest Destiny in the Southwest”oThe Vallejo Family– land owner and elite Spanish descendantoArrested in Bear Flag Rebellion, lost all his landoFought for land but that didn’t happenoForeign Miners Tax– $20/monthoForeign Miners Law aimed at foreigners in order to restrict their access to the gold mines designed to eliminate Chinese from America as well as other foreignersoBear Flag Rebellion– government proclaimed by settlers from the US in Sonoma which was claimed during the Mexican-American War; very short lived rebellionoThe Alamo– battle during Mexican-American WaroMexican-American War– when Texas was admitted as a slave state in 1845, Mexico broke off diplomatic relations with the US1
oWar occurred because rebels insisted they were protecting American interests, when Americans were actually really trying to acquire land (mainly California)oTreaty of Guadalupe HidalgooUS Peace treatyoUS gained CA, New Mexico, TexasoEnded the Mexican-American waroMany Mexicans stayed in American territory (colonization)oManifest DestinyoMost important concept for settlement of westoGod given right to travel across the countryoCaste labor systemoMexicans became workersoPaid less for same work as AnglosoRanchero– process of losing land because of taxes & AmericansoVaquero– ranch hand/cowboysoPolitical rights and land ownership for Mexican Americans after 1848oTaxed $20/mo.oNo rights as citizensoCheated out of landoLoss of grantsoMutualists– benevolent associations who offered help for strikes, helped individual members cover hospitalization, funeral expenses, loans, and to raise moneyChapter 8. “Searching for Gold Mountain: Strangers from a Pacific Shore”o“Gold Mountain” oThe gold rusho25000 Chinese reached gold mountainoMostly male migrationoForeign Miners Tax– $20/monthoForeign Miners Law aimed at foreigners in order to restrict their access to the gold mines

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