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Gulliver - Jonathan Swift(1667-1745 • Born in Dublin...

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Unformatted text preview: Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) • Born in Dublin, Swift was educated with the playwright William Congreve at Kilkenny Grammar School and Trinity College, Dublin • In 1689 Swift was admitted to the household of Sir William Temple as secretary, but returned to Ireland in 1694 as an ordained Anglican priest • Swift published his celebrated satire of “corruption in religion and learning,” A Tale of the Tub , in 1704 • Upon his appointment to a position in St. Patrick’s, Dublin, Swift became an important political figure in Ireland, a frequent visitor to London on religious and political matters, and a literary companion of Addison, Steele, and Congreve • Disgusted with the alliance of the ruling Whigs with dissenters, Swift converted from the Whig party to the Tories in 1710; he became one of the leading propagandists for the Tory Ministry of Queen Anne until her death in 1714 • Swift protested England’s treatment of Ireland and the Irish, most famously his vicious satire A Modest Proposal (1729), which suggested that the English could solve both their food supply problem and the Irish question by eating Irish children • Dean of St. Patrick’s from 1713, Swift spent a third of his income on charities and another third on founding St. Patrick’s Hospital for Imbeciles (opened 1757); Swift is still considered by both Catholic and Protestant Irish as an Irish national hero • Nearly all of Swift’s voluminous works were published anonymously, and he received payment for only one: Gulliver’s Travels (1726) Satire • The term “satire” is derived from the Latin word “satira”—...
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Gulliver - Jonathan Swift(1667-1745 • Born in Dublin...

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