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Unformatted text preview: Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) Born in Dublin, Swift was educated with the playwright William Congreve at Kilkenny Grammar School and Trinity College, Dublin In 1689 Swift was admitted to the household of Sir William Temple as secretary, but returned to Ireland in 1694 as an ordained Anglican priest Swift published his celebrated satire of corruption in religion and learning, A Tale of the Tub , in 1704 Upon his appointment to a position in St. Patricks, Dublin, Swift became an important political figure in Ireland, a frequent visitor to London on religious and political matters, and a literary companion of Addison, Steele, and Congreve Disgusted with the alliance of the ruling Whigs with dissenters, Swift converted from the Whig party to the Tories in 1710; he became one of the leading propagandists for the Tory Ministry of Queen Anne until her death in 1714 Swift protested Englands treatment of Ireland and the Irish, most famously his vicious satire A Modest Proposal (1729), which suggested that the English could solve both their food supply problem and the Irish question by eating Irish children Dean of St. Patricks from 1713, Swift spent a third of his income on charities and another third on founding St. Patricks Hospital for Imbeciles (opened 1757); Swift is still considered by both Catholic and Protestant Irish as an Irish national hero Nearly all of Swifts voluminous works were published anonymously, and he received payment for only one: Gullivers Travels (1726) Satire The term satire is derived from the Latin word satira...
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- Spring '09
- A Modest Proposal