Shakespeare - William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Born in...

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William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, a small market town, to John and Mary Shakespeare; John, a master of his own glover’s shop, was a prominent citizen and freeman, elected mayor in 1568; Mary was the daughter of a yeoman farmer and a practicing Catholic Shakespeare attended a “free” grammar school from age 7, receiving a classical rhetorical education, including Latin literature, grammar, reading, and writing; he would have known and perhaps performed scenes from Roman drama and comedy, including Plautus and Terence From 1569, Shakespeare probably observed performances by companies of professional actors, including the earl of Leicester’s men; Shakespeare later became friends and partners with Richard Burbage, son of that company’s lead actors Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway in 1582; the couple had three children, two daughters and a son, Hamnet, who died at age 12 The first record of a performance of a play by Shakespeare occurs in 1592 with I Henry VI , which enjoyed an unusual long run of 15 performances By 1594 Shakespeare was a “sharer” (profit-sharing partner) with Richard Burbage and William Kempe in one of London’s most successful acting companies, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men By 1598 Shakespeare had written some 37 plays, two collaborations, and at least two long narrative poems; he produced about two new plays a year for production (by comparison, a contemporary Thomas Heywood wrote about 220 plays, so Shakespeare’s output was relatively small) In 1599 Shakespeare and his company built the outdoor Globe Theater; in 1603 the new monarch James I christened Shakespeare’s company as “The King’s Men,” marking Shakespeare’s status as the most successful playwright and producer of his time
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Many of Shakespeare’s greatest plays date from the period between 1603 and 1609, including Measure of Measure , Hamlet , Othello , King Lear , Antony and Cleopatra , Twelfth Night , and Macbeth ; his famous sonnets appeared in print in 1609 In 1613, Shakespeare premiered his final play at the Globe (which burned down after the performance), Henry VIII , although Shakespeare produced plays after that date at the new Globe Theater After 1613 Shakespeare likely divided his time between London and Stratford, where he had substantial business and real estate interests Shakespeare died in 1616 and is buried at Stratford Church The famous first folio of Shakespeare’s plays appeared in print in 1623, compiled by his friends and fellow actors, John Heminge and Henry Condell This edition included a laudatory ode penned by Shakespeare’s friend and rival Ben Jonson: “He was not of an age, but for all time”
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The Tempest (1611) The Tempest was first performed before King James I in 1613 at Whitehall; it was subsequently included in the wedding celebrations for James’ daughter, Elizabeth It is believed to be the last play Shakespeare wrote without a
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Shakespeare - William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Born in...

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