–The American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely accepted in the social
sciences and other fields, such as education, business, and nursing. The APA citation format
requires parenthetical citations within the text rather than endnotes or footnotes. Citations in the
text provide brief information, usually the name of the author and the date of publication, to lead the
reader to the source of information in the reference list at the end of the paper.
NOTE: Although the examples in this guide are shown in single space, APA
style requires double spacing throughout (e.g. text, references, etc.)
APA RULES FOR THE REFERENCES PAGE
– The following sections show some of the more
commonly used APA citation rules.
NOTE: All citations must be in the Hanging Indent Format with the first line flush to
the left margin and all other lines indented.
JOURNALS, MAGAZINES, NEWSPAPERS IN PRINT FORMAT
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article.
Title of Journal, xx,
NOTE: The journal title and the volume number are in italics. Issue numbers are not
required if the journal is continuously paged. If paged individually, the issue number
is required and is in regular type in parentheses adjacent to the volume number.
Williams, J. H. (2008). Employee engagement: Improving participation in
Professional Safety, 53
Two to Seven Authors [List all authors]
Keller, T. E., Cusick, G. R., & Courtney, M. E. (2007). Approaching the
transition to adulthood: Distinctive profiles of adolescents aging
out of the child welfare system.
Social Services Review, 81
Eight or More Authors [List the first six authors, … and the last author]