APA_Guidelines_FINAL_April14 - Basic Guidelines for APA 6th...

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Basic Guidelines for APA, 6 th Ed. 1 KUWC, April 2010 Basic Guidelines for APA, 6 th Edition Overview of APA The American Psychological Association (APA) established writing and reference guidelines in 1929 so readers could easily understand the major points and findings in social sciences research (APA, 2010). Today APA style is used by many disciplines, schools, and college-level writers as a standard for formatting and documentation of sources in research projects. As of 2009, the most current Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the sixth edition. Beginning May 1, 2010, the Writing Center will refer to the 6 th edition in all of their services and resources. In-text and Reference Page Citations APA documentation style includes an in-text and reference page system. In the text, the author’s name and date are included for any references from outside sources so readers can easily see when a source is being used. The format for reference page citations depends on the source type and it is important to refer to the official manual or Web site for proper formatting guidelines. Essentially, the reference citation includes enough information to allow the reader to easily find the original source. These citations also begin with the author and date, and the list of references is alphabetized. APA provides guidance for exceptions to these rules as well. For instance, when no author is provided for a source, the title of the work and date are used as the in-text citation and at the beginning of the reference citation. Click here to see an example reference page. Parenthetical Citations and Signal Phrases In-text citations can either be included using a signal phrase before the cited material or a parenthetical citation at the end of the cited material. A signal phrase introduces quoted, paraphrased, or summarized information using the author’s name and publication year. The page or paragraph numbers should be included in citations for specific parts of a source, such as a quotation, if these numbers are provided in the original source. If these numbers are not used in the original source, please refer to the official APA publications listed at the end of this document for more information. Here is an example of a signal phrase citation for a paraphrase: Smith (2010) recognizes that more online learning opportunities are needed to reach marginalized high school students and decrease the dropout rate. What is Citation? Citing sources or providing citation means to include select information about books or articles you read about a topic and that you use in your paper. There are two main terms associated with citation: In-text citation and full citation, both which are explained in this handout. Why Do We Cite?
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course COMM 220 taught by Professor Jamesbarakaat during the Fall '10 term at Kaplan University.

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APA_Guidelines_FINAL_April14 - Basic Guidelines for APA 6th...

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