Lec15 - EE 480/580 Biomedical Electronics Lecture 15 1...

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1 Biomedical Electronics Lecture 15 EE 480/580
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2 b MICROARRAY TECHNOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS
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3 Cell
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4 b DNA is often called the blueprint of life b In simple terms, DNA contains the instructions for making proteins within the cell DNA
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5 The DNA double helix has two strands twisted together Double Helix Molecule
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6 b The backbone of the molecule is alternating phosphate and deoxyribose, a sugar, parts b The teeth are nitrogenous bases One strand of DNA
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7 Cytosine C Thymine T Adenine A Guanine G DNA has four different bases: Four nitrogenous bases
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24-Sep-09 EE 480/580 Fall 2009 8 DNA Double Helix
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22-Oct-09 EE 480/580 Fall 2009 9 Semiconservative Model: Watson and Crick showed: the two strands of the parental molecule separate, and each functions as a template for synthesis of a new complementary strand. DNA Replication
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10 The Central Dogma
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11 DNA can “unzip”itself and RNA nucleotides match up to the DNA strand. RNA is being made by RNA polymerase DNA Transcription
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12 The cell uses information from “messenger” RNA to produce proteins DNA Translation
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13 Changes in DNA that affect genetic information MUTATIONS
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EE 480/580 Fall 2009 14 Gene Mutations
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Lec15 - EE 480/580 Biomedical Electronics Lecture 15 1...

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