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9.24.2007 Problems with deontology 2

9.24.2007 Problems with deontology 2 - Problems with...

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Problems with Deontology 2 Problems 3&4 and the +1
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From last time The problem of the epistemology of duties The problem of competing considerations
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Problem 3: Unsystematic The Rossian duties just seem to be a hodgepodge of duties. - A dash of fidelity, a dab of non-maleficence. - What is the organizing principle behind these duties? - If none can be given, then that is a strike against Rossian deontology. Can we reduce these duties to other, more fundamental duties? - That is, this style of deontology is explanatorily impotent
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Problem 3: Unsystematic continued Consider the difference between consequentialism and Ross style deontology - Consequentialism gives ONE principle from which all other moral duties are derived. - This is the fundamental principle, and explains why we have the duties we do. There is no similar unifying principle for Ross—there is no “why” we have all these different prima facie duties A kind of Ockham's razor - Don't multiply duties unnecessarily
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Problem 3: Example An analogy - Gravity! That's a great theory! However, I have different one.
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