9.21.2007 Problems with deontology

9.21.2007 Problems with deontology - Problems with...

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Problems with Deontology 1 4+1 problems with (Rossian) deontology
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From Last Time Ross style deontology 6 underived prima facie duty - Duties based on past actions (Fidelity, reparation) - Gratitude - Justice - Beneficence - Self-improvement - Non-maleficence Cases of conflicting intuitions
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Four problems Ideally, we want a moral theory to do the following things: - (1) tell us how and why we have the moral obligations we do (epistemology of duties) - (2) tell us how to deal with competing considerations - (3) give us a systematizing principle for duties - (4) explain why we should be moral (why should we care about morality?)
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Problem 1a: How do we know what our duties are? By definition, the underived duties cannot have a further explanation. - That means there is no explanation for why we have these prima facie duties rather than some other set of prima facie duties. - We realize upon reflecting on or moral experience that in some cases these duties offer us reasons for acting. - These duties carve out OUR moral sense—but why should that matter—why those, and not some other, duties?
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Problem 1a, example 1 Samantha is a generally good person, yet she thinks that she has an underived duty to count the blades of grass. She seldom does this because often a combination of the other 6 duties “outweigh” that duty. But sometimes, she
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