9.17.2007 Deontology 1

9.17.2007 Deontology 1 - Deontology Motivation for...

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Deontology Motivation for deontology Distinction: agent neutrality v. agent relativity Distinction: Derived v. non-derived reasons Two fields with underived, agent relative reasons
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From last time We reviewed a number of problems with consequentialism - Too demanding, one thought too many, justice, distribution. - Rule consequentialism may not help much, if it is different from act consequentialism
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Motivation for Deontology So, it looks like when we think about morality, we care about more than just consequences - Consequentialism is very demanding. - We think we have special obligations to our friends family. - We think distribution of goods matters. - We think that we have certain “inalienable rights” - We think that it is sometimes right to respect these things even if they don't bring about the most good. Deontology purports to account for these deeply held moral beliefs.
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What is deontology? Deontology holds that what makes an action right is not solely a function of the consequences of the action. Deontology is sometimes called “duty based ethics” - Intuitively, we have duties to act in certain ways even if doing so does not bring about the best consequences.
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