8.29.2007 Arguments

8.29.2007 Arguments - The Nature of Arguments What...

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The Nature of Arguments What arguments are What arguments are not Two principles for good arguments
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Introduction to Arguments An argument consists of a set of premises that gives us reason to believe that a conclusion is true. 1. Socrates is a man. 2. All men are mortal. 3. Socrates is mortal. What is above the line (1 and 2) are the premise(s). What is below the line (3) is the conclusion. The premises are the reasons for believing the conclusion is true.
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What an argument is not The word ‘argument’ it is often used in English to include: a. A firmly stated opinion His argument is that Smith should be in the Hall of Fame. His argument is that Bush is a great president. b. A firmly stated fact My argument is that we’re in Florida. Her argument is that the moon orbits the Earth.
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What an argument is not c. A firmly stated falsehood His argument is that Elvis lives. d. A shouting match They had a huge argument last night! These are perfectly legitimate uses of the term ‘argument’. But none of these are ARGUMENTS as philosophers use the term.
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A threat: Believe this or I’ll fire you! A bribe:
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8.29.2007 Arguments - The Nature of Arguments What...

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